To keep up with the growth and focus on more environment-friendly fibres, textile companies are developing fibres out of recycled materials and natural sources for technical textiles.
Non-traditional or technical applications of textiles account for nearly 27 per cent of the global textile market; in some Western countries, its share is 50 per cent while in India it is 11 per cent. The technical textile sector is counted to be one of the fastest growing sectors.
Technical textiles are materials that focus more on performance rather than appearance and are currently in demand in multiple industries. According to a report by Fortune Business Insights that analysed the sector from 2019 to 2026, the market value of technical textiles was valued at $159.29 billion in 2018 and is expected to grow at a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 2.7 per cent between 2010 and 2026.
The sector consists of both natural and synthetic fibres but the synthetic fibre segment holds the largest revenue share in the global technical textiles market. Some of the synthetic fibres used in this industry are nylon, polyester, acrylic, olefin, PLA and modacrylic.Here are some of the newly developed sustainable fibres:
1. DuPont Apexa fibre: DuPont Apexa is an eco-friendly degradable polyester that decomposes through industrial composting without harming the soil or environment. Developed through a patented and innovative technology, the fibre breaks down into simple CO2 and H2O, reducing textile waste and limiting environmental impact.
2. DuPont Sorona fibre: Dupont Sorona fibre is a partially biobased PTT polyester polymer with 37 per cent annually renewable plant-based ingredients, i.e corn and corn starch. Its life cycle assessment shows that the manufacture of Sorona requires 30 per cent less energy and releases 63 per cent fewer greenhouse gases than the production of Nylon 6.
3. Jutecell fibre: Jutecell fibre is a new type of regenerated cellulose fibre produced from jute and kenaf through a special process developed by Shandong Helon Co Ltd. The special manufacturing technology imparts the fibres bacteriostatic, bactericidal and anti-fungal properties.
News courtesy: Fibre2Fashion